Find Health Insurance After Job Loss

Photo illustration of a paper-cutout person standing under a paper-cutout umbrella. Caption reads "Affordable Care Act."
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(SAVVY SENIOR) Suddenly find yourself out of work? You can find health insurance coverage while you’re looking for new employment or waiting for Medicare.

The Affordable Care Act Marketplace

Your best option for getting affordable health insurance is through Affordable Care Act (ACA) Marketplaces, also known as Obamacare. Or, if your income is very low, you may qualify for Medicaid.

Normally, enrollment in an ACA Marketplace is limited to the short window for Open Enrollment—between Nov. 1 and Dec. 15 each year. But there’s an exception for people who’ve lost their jobs, known as the Special Enrollment Period, which allows you to apply because your layoff meant a loss of health insurance. To do so, you must enroll within 60 days of when your coverage stopped and prove you lost your health insurance.

There is no limited enrollment period for Medicaid.

Eleven of the states with their own health-insurance marketplaces (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington), plus the District of Columbia, also offer special enrollment periods, allowing anyone who is eligible under the ACA rules to sign up.

ACA health insurance is major medical insurance that covers essential health benefits with no annual or lifetime coverage maximums. They can’t charge you more or deny you coverage because of a pre-existing health condition.

You also need to know that, if your annual income will fall below 500 percent of the poverty level, the ACA provides premium subsidies, which will reduce the amount you’ll have to pay for a policy.

You’ll qualify for subsidies in 2022 if you pay more than 8.5 percent of your household income toward health insurance.  

To see how much subsidy you may qualify for, use the Kaiser Family Foundation health insurance marketplace calculator at

If your income is very low—below 133 percent of the poverty level—you may qualify for free or low-cost health coverage through expanded Medicaid services, available in many states.

To apply for ACA Marketplace health plans or Medicaid, go to You can call their toll-free number at 800-318-2596 and get help over the phone. 


If you need health insurance coverage for less than 18 months, another option you may want to consider is COBRA, which allows you to remain on your former employer’s group health plan, but not every employer plan is COBRA-eligible. Contact your employer benefits administrator to find out if yours is.

In most cases COBRA is expensive, requiring you to pay the full monthly premium yourself. But, if you’ve already met or nearly met your employer plan’s deductible and/or out-of-pocket maximum for the year, and you don’t want to start over with a new plan, or if you find your employer’s health plan to be better or more affordable than the marketplace options, it makes sense to keep your current coverage under COBRA. MSN

Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit Jim Miller is a contributor to the NBC Today show and author of the book, The Savvy Senior.

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